Friday, 15 April 2016

Leaders of Renaissance in Kerala -Mannath Padmanabhan (1878-1970) (Chapter-1)

Leaders of Renaissance in Kerala
-Mannath Padmanabhan (1878-1970) (Chapter-1)

1. Mannathu Padmanathan was born in Perunna village in Changanassery,
Travancore on 2nd  January 1878 to Eswaran Namboothiri of Nilavana Illam and Mannathu Parvathy Amma.

2. He began his career as a teacher in 1893 in a Government primary school. After a few years, from 1905 he changed his profession and started practising law, in the Magistrates Courts.

3. On 31st October, 1914 with the help of a few others, Mannathu Padmanathan established the Nair Service Society.

4. The headquarters of N.S.S. is Perunna. Earlier, the name of the organisation was ‘Nair Bhrithyajana Sangham’.

5. N.S.S. was established in the lines of the Servants of India Society of Gopalakrishna Gokhale.

6. N.S.S. started its first school at Karukachal in Kottayam district.  Its first headmaster was K.Kelappan.

7. The first college of NSS was established at Perunna in 1947 and T.K.Narayana Iyer was the principal.

8. The publication ‘Service’ was started in 1919 from Karukachal as the mouth piece of N.S.S.

9. It helped for the abolition of sub-castes among Nair community. It also succeeded in gathering favourable support for ‘Nair Regulation’ (1925).

10. The basic unit of N.S.S. is ‘Karayogam’ and the first Karayogam was established at a place named Thattayil (1929).

11. The first president of Nair Service Society was K.Kelappan. Mannath Padmanabhan was the first secretary and Panangattu Kesavappanicker was the first treasurer of N.S.S.

12. The name Nair Bhrithya Jana Sangham was suggested by K.Kannan Nair and  Nair Service Society was suggested by K.Paramu Pillai (He was a School Inspector).

13. Panthalam K.P.Raman Pillai wrote ‘Akhilandamandalam aniyichorukki....” .

14. Sardar K.M.Panicker called Mannath Padmanabhan ‘Madan Mohan Malavya of Kerala’?

15. Sardar K.M.Panicker called Pazhassi Raja ‘Kerala Simham’.

16. Mannam decided to establish educational institutions for the members of his community when he felt that it was difficult to get admission in the institutions run by others.

17. During the Vaikom Satyagraha Mannath Padmanabhan started ‘Savarna Jatha’ from Vaikom.

18. Another Savarna Jatha was started from Nagercoil under the leadership of Dr.Perumal Naidu.

19. Both the Jathas met at Thiruvananthapuram. A  deputation led by Congress leader Changanassery Parameswaran Pillai submitted a huge memorandum before the regent queen Sethulakshmi Bhai.

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